Version Française   version française     Translator Bob Aldridge

Gear Tables and Cadence

1) Gear Table

For the gear table I have chosen the ring and cog sizes most commonly used in cyclotouring.

2) Cadence Table

The cadence is based upon the number of revs per minute.
For a cyclotourist the cadence is approximately 80 revs per minute on a good flat road without any wind.

The following table gives a comparison of the different rates of cadence used by different types of riders.

 
  Cyclotourist Cyclosportive Professionnal rider
Mountains 50 - 60 rpm 50 - 70 rpm +70 rpm
Undulating terrain 60 - 70 rpm 70 - 80 rpm +80 rpm
Flat roads 80 - 90 rpm 90 - 100 rpm +100 rpm

3) My personal gear table (Jean-Claude- Allonneau)


Gear Table

     1) In Britain cycle gearing is commonly expressed as a number of inches, but in France and Europe generally they describe gearing in terms of the distance travelled per turn of the pedals, which is called the gear 'development' and is measured in meters. As tyre sizes are nominally sized, the circumference would need to be measured by marking and rolling the wheel, or calculated. As a result, the tendency is to state merely the size of the chainwheel and cog in the format 42 x 20.
     2) This gear table is only applicable for 700 wheels (circumference of 2.10 m. ). For 650 wheels reduce the gear size by 6%.


Chainrings -> 
Cogs
28 
30 
32 
38 
40 
42 
46 
48 
50 
52 
13 
 4.52 
 4.85 
 5.17 
 6.14 
 6.46 
 6.78 
 7.43 
7.75 
 8.08 
 8.40 
14 
 4.20 
 4.50 
 4.80 
 5.70 
 6.00 
6.30 
  6.90
7.20
  7.50
  7.80
15 
 3.92 
 4.20 
  4.48
  5.32
  5.60
  5.88
  6.44
6.72
  7.00
  7.28
16 
 3.68 
 3.94 
  4.20
  4.99
  5.25
  5.51
  6.04
6.30
  6.56
  6.82
17 
 3.46 
 3.71 
  3.95
  4.69
  4.94
  5.19
  5.68
5.93
  6.18
  6.42
18 
 3.27 
  3.50
  3.73
  4.43
  4.67
  4.90
  5.37
5.60
  5.83
  6.07
19 
 3.09 
3.32 
  3.54
  4.20
  4.42
  4.64
  5.08
5.31
  5.53
  5.75
20 
 2.94 
  3.15
  3.36
  3.99
  4.20
  4.41
  4.83
5.04
  5.25
  5.46
21 
 2.80 
  3.00
  3.20
  3.80
  4.00
  4.20
  4.60
4.80
  5.00
  5.20
22 
 2.67 
  3.86
  3.05
  3.63
  3.82
  4.01
  4.39
4.58
  4.77
  4.96
23 
 2.56 
  2.74
  2.92
  3.47
  3.65
  3.83
  4.20
4.38
  4.57
  4.75
24 
 2.45 
  2.62
  2.80
  3.33
  3.50
  3.68
  4.03
4.20
  4.38
  4.55
25 
 2.35 
  2.52
  2.69
  3.19
  3.36
  3.53
  3.86
4.03
  4.20
  4.37
26 
 2.26 
  2.42
  2.58
  3.07
  3.23
  3.39
  3.72
3.88
  4.04
  4.20
28 
 2.10 
  2.25
  2.40
  2.85
  3.00
  3.15
  3.45
3.60
  3.75
  3.90
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Cadence Table

The following table is for a cyclotourist having a cadence of 80 rpm, with 23 mm. tyres on 700 wheels, and using the most common gear sizes.

Using this table, memorise the speed corresponding to gear sizes used. For example : 40/14 = 29 km/h, which when used with a computer allows you to know the cadence and increase your speed. If you are pedalling too slowly, you should use a smaller gear or pedal faster. If you are pedalling too quickly, use a higher gear.
 
 
Chainrings ->
Cogs
38
40
42
46
48
50
52
13
29.67
31.24
 32.8
 35.92
 37.48
 39.04
 40.60
14
27.55
29.00
 30.45
 33.36
 34.80
 36.25
 37.70
15
25.71
27.07
 28.42
 31.13
 32.48
 33.84
 35.19
16
24.11
 25.38
 26.64
 29.18
 30.45
 31.72
 32.99
17
22.69
 23.88
 25.08
 27.47
 28.66
 29.85
 31.05
18
21.43
 22.56
 23.68
 25.94
 27.07
 28.20
 29.32
19
20.30
 21.37
 22.44
 24.57
 25.64
 26.71
 27.78
20
19.28
 20.30
 21.32
 23.35
 24.36
 25.38
 26.39
21
18.36
 19.33
 20.30
 22.24
 23.20
 24.18
 25.13
22
17.53
 18.45
 19.38
 21.22
 22.15
 23.07
 23.99
23
16.77
 17.65
 18.53
 20.30
 21.18
 22.07
 22.95
24
16.07
 16.92
 17.76
 19.45
 20.30
 21.50
 22.00
25
15.43
 16.24
 17.05
 18.68
 19.40
 20.30
 21.12
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My personal gear table (Jean-Claude Allonneau)

My gear table with three different rates of cadence For training I use the gear sizes in green to improve my speed.


Cogs ->
Chainrings
13
15
17
19
21
23
42 : 80rpm
32.80
28.42
25.08
22.44
20.30
18.53
42 : 90rpm
36.90
31.97
28.21
25.24
22.84
20.86
42 : 100rpm
41.00
35.53
31.35
28.05
25.38
23.17
52 : 80rpm
39.04
33.84
29.85
26.71
24.18
22.07
52 : 90rpm
45.68
39.59
34.93
31.25
28.27
24.02
52 : 100rpm
50.76
43.99
38.82
34.73
31.42
26.69
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